The president of the Government, Pedro Sanchez, announced this Tuesday that Spain will donate 151.5 million euros and contribute another 85 million in credits from the Fund for the Promotion of Development (Fonprode) of the Aecid in the next three years, which will be used for projects in the field of food safety. The chief executive made this announcement during his speech at a summit on efforts to address the food security crisis that is plaguing the world, held in parallel to the UN General Assembly.
In the forum, organized by Spain, the United States, the European Union and the African Union, Sánchez has called on Russia to end its “illegal war” against Ukraine “which has threatened an essential source of the world’s food supply.” “While we fight for peace, it is urgent to take concrete measures to protect the most vulnerable and prevent the situation from getting worse,” added Sánchez, who declared that Russian President Vladimir Putin “is trying to blackmail the international community with a large part of the world’s food needs.
The war in ukraine it has greatly aggravated the food crisis in many impoverished or developing countries, which have seen the prices of basic food rise and for months have been unable to access the wheat, fertilizers and other basic products that Ukraine exported. In July, the UN and Turkey managed to get Ukraine and Russia to reach a pact to create a safe maritime corridor to export grain from Black Sea ports. Despite this agreement, the United Nations has warned that there is a risk of famine in places like Yemen, Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Nigeria or Afghanistan and, therefore, the issue of food security has become one of the central of the General Assembly with the aim of preventing that threat from becoming a reality.
A problem that adds to an already complicated situation. According to him UN World Food Program, the population in a situation of food insecurity doubled due to the covid-19 pandemic, going from 135 million people at the beginning of 2020 to 276 million two years later. As a result of the invasion of Ukraine, this United Nations body estimates that the figure will increase in 2022 to 323 million. At the conference, co-chaired by Sánchez, the President of the European Council, Charles Michel; the president of the African Union and president of Senegal, Macky Sall, and the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, attended by twenty presidents, heads of state, and multilateral organizations.