Queen Elizabeth II died Thursday at her Balmoral residence at the age of 96, after a reign of 70 years.
After the death of the monarch, the throne passes immediately and without ceremony to her heir, Charles, until then Prince of Wales.
However, there are a number of practical and traditional steps that he must go through before being crowned king.
As it is called?
Starting this Thursday is the king charles iii.
This has been his first decision as monarch. He could have chosen from any of his four names: Carlos Felipe Arturo Jorge.
Carlos is not the only one to change titles.
Although he is heir to the throne, prince william he will not automatically become the Prince of Wales. However, he will immediately inherit his father’s other title, Duke of Cornwall. His wife Kate will now be known as the Duchess of Cornwall.
There is also a new title for Charles’s wife: queen consort, the term used for the monarch’s wife.
In the first 24 hours after her mother’s death, Carlos will be officially proclaimed as king. This happens at St James’s Palace in London, in front of a ceremonial body known as the Promotion Council.
This is made up of members of the Privy Council, a group of senior members of Parliament, past and present, as well as other civil servants, Commonwealth High Commissioners and the Lord Mayor of London.
More than 700 people are entitled to attend the ceremony, but the number of attendees is likely to be lower. At the last Ascent Council in 1952, there were around 200 attendees.
Traditionally, the king does not attend.
At the ceremony, Queen Elizabeth II’s death will be announced by the President of the Privy Council (currently Penny Mordaunt MP) and the proclamation will be read aloud.
The wording of the proclamation may change, but traditionally it has consisted of a series of prayers and promises, praising the previous monarch and pledging support for the new one.
This proclamation will then be signed by a number of high officials including the Prime Minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lord Chancellor.
As in these ceremonies, attention will be paid to what may have been altered, added or updated, as a sign of a new era.
The king’s first statement
The Ascent Council meets again, usually a day later. On this occasion the king does attend with the Privy Council.
There is no “oath” at the beginning of the reign of the British monarch in the style of other heads of state, such as the president of the United States. But there is a declaration made by the new king, in line with a tradition dating back to the early 18th century, in which he will take an oath to preserve the Church of Scotland.
Following a fanfare of trumpeters, a public proclamation will declare Charles the new king. This will be done from a balcony in the Friary Court of St James’s Palace in London, through an official known as the Garter Chief King of Arms.
This figure will then pronounce: “God save the king”And for the first time since 1952, when the national anthem is played, the words will be “God save the king” and not “God save the queen.”
Salutes will then be fired in Hyde Park, from the Tower of London and from naval vessels, and the proclamation announcing Charles as king will be read in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, the capitals of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.
The great symbolic moment of the promotion will be the coronation, in which Carlos is officially crowned. Due to the preparation that is required, it is probable that the coronation will not take place shortly after the accession of Carlos III. Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne in February 1952, but she was not crowned until 1953.
In the last 900 years the coronation has been celebrated in the westminster abbey. William the Conqueror was the first monarch to be crowned there and Charles III will be number 40.
It is an Anglican religious service, officiated by the Archbishop of Canterbury. At the crowning moment of the ceremony, the archbishop will place the crown of Saint Edward on Charles’ head, a solid piece of gold dating from 1661.
The crown is the main piece of the Crown Jewels at the Tower of London and it is only used by the monarch at the time of the coronation (especially because of its weight of 2.23 kg).
Unlike royal weddings, the coronation is a state eventand the government pays for it and ultimately decides the guest list.
There will be music, readings and the anointing ritual of the new monarch, using orange oil, roses, cinnamon, musk and ambergris.
The new king will take the coronation oath in front of an expectant world. During this ceremony he will receive the orb and scepter as symbols of his new role and the Archbishop of Canterbury will place the solid gold crown on his head.
Head of the Commonwealth of Nations
Carlos has become head of the Commonwealth of Nations, an association of 56 independent countries and 2.4 billion people. In 14 of these countries, including the UK, the king is considered the head of state.
These countries, known as Commonwealth realms, are: Australia, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, New Zealand, Solomon and Tuvalu.