ESA entrusts GMV with monitoring the health of astronauts in flight

Space medicine specialists from the European Space Agency (ESA) have entrusted the technology company GMV with the ALISSE project, to take care of the health of astronauts in flight.

This program is going to develop artificial intelligence technology that assists astronauts in acquiring ultrasound images, with high diagnostic quality, in different organs affected by the conditions of manned space travel.

Specialist doctors will be able to identify remotely and from the ground the conditions that astronauts could suffer at an early stage and put a remedy to prevent their advance. The clinical partner of the project is the Radiology Section of Emergencies of the La Paz University Hospital from Madrid. For their part, researchers from the group of Nuclear physics from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) collaborate in the generation of extremely realistic simulations to improve the system in an environment as unknown as outer space.

The astronauts They are professionals who enjoy good health. With perfect eyesight and good physical shape, high muscular level, flexibility and manual dexterity. However, space is a very hostile environment for the human body. Many of our organs are prone to disease for lack of gravity in this habitat, or by exposure to radiation cosmic. It usually produces loss of bone and muscle mass, impaired function hepatic, increases the chance of forming stones in the kidney Y thrombi, the eye turns farsighted, etc. Cosmic radiation also has a very negative impact on the spleen, the system immunological and the heart.

Suffering from these pathologies is not only important for its impact in the performance of the astronauts, but also due to the possible derived medical complications that could require surgery or evacuation. To solve this situation, GMV proposes a solution that allows personnel not specialized in radiology to obtain clinically relevant ultrasound images of the organs that may be sent to earth for analysis and interpretation by medical specialists. The software that GMV is developing in the ALISSE project will help carry out ultrasound imaging studies in accordance with the protocols for each organ, and guide any crew member with basic anatomy knowledge in real time.

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